Here Is How Many Times U.S. Athletes Were Drug Tested In 2016

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The above interview is from 2009 and titled "Too Many Drug Tests In Beijing". Asafa Powell and Tyson Gay are a part of an athlete panel at the 2009 Reebok Indoor Grand Prix. Powell says he was tested four times in one week in Beijing and it was "too much," while Gay said he is tested regularly all year, so he didn't find the Games' testing to be exceptionally intolerable. Although according to the USADA database, they only administered three tests to Gay in 2009. In 2013, both Powell and Gay served bans for testing positive for illegal substances.

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Matt Centrowitz was tested by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency 17 times in 2016. The next most tested athlete? Carmelita Jeter, who at age 37 failed to dip under 11 seconds in the 100m in 2016, was tested 15 times.

You can view the number of times an athlete was tested by USADA by year at this link. However, this number only indicates "the number of times USADA has organized a test on an individual athlete", meaning it doesn't include other testing entities' numbers, if the test was not requested/initiated by USADA, and other sports organization/event/International Federations/individuals' requests for tests.

The total numbers, minus athletes' names, are available at this link. And it's also interesting to note that track and field is the MOST tested sport by USADA. Between in competition and out of competition tests administered by USADA, track and field had 2785 total tests conducted in 2016.

Mixed martial arts had 2289, cycling 1398, and swimming 1071.

So what does this mean? Can you really make conclusions from simply looking at testing numbers? Justin Gatlin and Galen Rupp were tested 14 times in 2016, but compared to '15 (21 times), '14 (21 times) and '13 (28 times), this was one of Rupp's lowest years.

Here are all 481 athletes from the 2016 USADA database:

Athlete Test Count
Matthew Centrowitz 17
Carmelita Jeter 15
Justin A Gatlin 14
Galen G Rupp 14
Bernard Lagat 13
Allyson M Felix 12
Shalane G Flanagan 12
Kara Goucher 12
Lopez Lomong 12
Adriana Pirtea-Nelson 12
Abdihakim M Abdirahman 11
Evan Jager 11
Trell Kimmons 11
Aries Merritt 11
Brittney Reese 11
Jason A Richardson 11
Dathan J Ritzenhein 11
Ryan Bailey 10
Ashton Eaton 10
Molly Huddle 10
Mebrahtom R Keflezighi 10
Treniere Moser 10
Tori Bowie 9
Jessica Cosby-Toruga 9
Tyson Gay 9
LaShawn L Merritt 9
David Oliver 9
Wallace N Spearmon, Jr. 9
Nick Symmonds 9
Mikele Barber 8
Walter Dix 8
Debbie R Dunn Anderson 8
Sanya L Richards-Ross 8
Tianna T Bartoletta 7
Trayvon Bromell 7
Fernando Cabada 7
Gwen Berry 6
Amber J Campbell 6
Janay Deloach 6
English Gardner 6
Natasha Hastings 6
Kibwe R Johnson 6
Leonel Manzano 6
Sandi Morris 6
John H Nunn 6
Michael E Rodgers 6
Brianna Rollins 6
Jennifer Simpson 6
Angelo F Taylor 6
Maggie C Vessey 6
Boris Berian 5
Mary Cain 5
Michelle Carter 5
William Claye 5
Emma Coburn 5
Sharon E Day-Monroe 5
Marquis Dendy 5
Chris Derrick 5
Dexter Faulk 5
Queen Harrison 5
Jeffrey Henderson 5
Michael Reese Hoffa 5
Emily Infeld 5
Joseph Kovacs 5
Francena McCorory 5
Candyce McGrone 5
Inika McPherson 5
Hassan Mead 5
Nick Mossberg 5
Luke Puskedra 5
Shannon Rowbury 5
Jennifer Suhr 5
Brigetta L Barrett 4
Shadrack Kiptoo Biwott 4
Paul Chelimo 4
Nick Christie 4
Omar Craddock 4
Amy E Cragg 4
James -Trey E Hardee 4
Dawn Harper-Nelson 4
Kendra Harrison 4
Jordan Hasay 4
Andrew Hunter 4
Bershawn D Jackson 4
Eric Jenkins 4
Heather Kampf 4
Erik Kynard Jr. 4
Desiree Linden 4
Bryshon Nellum 4
Sharika Nelvis 4
Barbara Nwaba 4
Jasmine Stowers 4
Christian Taylor 4
Benjamin True 4
Brad H Walker 4
Ryan Whiting 4
Kara Winger (Patterson) 4
Devon Allen 3
Mike Arnold 3
Whitney Ashley 3
Kendall Baisden 3
Ben Blankenship 3
Marvin Bracy 3
Christian D Cantwell 3
Kelsey Card 3
Kerron Clement 3
Kim Conley 3
Ryan Crouser 3
Vashti Cunningham 3
Amanda Eccleston 3
Christina Epps 3
Phyllis Francis 3
Andrea Geubelle 3
Kate Grace 3
Quanera Hayes 3
Ryan Hill 3
Felisha Johnson 3
Lori S Jones 3
Sam Kendricks 3
Shamier Little 3
Chaunte L Lowe 3
Brenda Martinez 3
Bryan McBride 3
Imani Oliver 3
Jeff Porter 3
Jenna Prandini 3
Ashley Spencer 3
Cassandra Tate 3
Matthew Tegenkamp 3
Taylor Washington 3
Ameer Webb 3
Spencer Adams 2
Bradley Adkins 2
Morolake Akinosun 2
Mary Akor 2
Robert A Andrews 2
Esther Atkins (Erb) 2
Ricky Babineaux 2
Tavis Bailey 2
Andrew Bayer 2
Chris Benard 2
Hillary Bor 2
Brittany Borman 2
Tia Brooks 2
Katie Burnett 2
Hannah Carson 2
Kori Carter 2
Janet Cherobon-Bawcom 2
D'Angelo D Cherry 2
Kyle Clemons 2
Christian Coleman 2
Liz Costello 2
Logan Cunningham 2
Sean Donnelly 2
Kimberlyn Duncan 2
Jarret Eaton 2
Craig Engels 2
Juan Diego Estrada 2
Andrew Evans 2
Scott Fauble 2
Mason E Finley 2
Najee Glass 2
Marquise Goodwin 2
Erin M Gray 2
Arman Hall 2
Marielle Hall 2
Darrell Hill 2
Cyrus Hostetler 2
Shelby Houlihan 2
Charles J Jock 2
Jonathan Jones 2
Deena M Kastor 2
Deante Kemper 2
Shadrack Kipchirchir 2
Shalaya Kipp 2
Leonard Korir 2
Alfred G Kruger 2
Kyle Landon 2
Christopher Landry 2
Morgann LeLeux 2
Craig Leon 2
Casimir Loxsom 2
Noah Lyles 2
Maggie Malone 2
Michael G Mannozzi 2
Conor McCullough 2
Sydney McLaughlin 2
Tony McQuay 2
Miranda Melville 2
Maria L Michta-Coffey 2
Heather Miller 2
Dalilah Muhammad 2
Clayton Murphy 2
Brianne Nelson 2
Vernon Norwood 2
Courtney Okolo 2
Barbara Pierre 2
Elizabeth Podominick 2
Tori Polk 2
Chanelle Price 2
Colleen Quigley 2
Byron Robinson 2
Raven Saunders 2
Shakeelah Saunders 2
Garrett Scantling 2
Cale Simmons 2
Amina Smith 2
Erik Sowinski 2
Deajah Stevens 2
Jeneva Stevens 2
Mattie Suver 2
Kellyn Taylor (Johnson) 2
Erin Taylor-Talcott 2
Michael Tinsley 2
David Verberg 2
Jared Ward 2
Ariana Washington 2
Tara Welling 2
Chrishuna Williams 2
Kendell Williams 2
Ajee Wilson 2
Heather Wilson 2
Rudy Winkler 2
Jason Witt 2
Phoebe E Wright 2
Zachery Ziemek 2
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Harun Abda 1
Colby Alexander 1
Nia Ali 1
Avione Allgood 1
Alexandria M Anderson 1
Jeshua Anderson 1
Jordin Andrade 1
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